ARCHAEOLOGICAL COMPLEX OF HUCHUY QOSQO - HUCH'UY QOSQO - JUCH'UY QOSQO
* (J) Huch'uy = small
* Qosqo = Cusco
Huchuy Qosqo (Huch'uy Qosqo) means "Little Cusco", but no one can explain why it was assigned this name, because in general it looks like all the Inca cities and definitely has no special resemblance to Cusco city. The Inka name that is known is K'ajya Qhawana and it is translated as "where the ray happens". The chroniclers, due to their lack of knowledge of Quechua, recorded various forms of the same name such as Caquia Xaquixaguana, Sacsahuna, Xaquixaguana, Huana, among others.
LOCATION OF HUCHUY QOSQO
This fabulous archaeological monument is located five kilometers south of the citadel of Calca in Cusco. Huchuy Qosqo was a population of height, located on the 3 550 meters above sea level on a small plain in the upper third of the mountain. From this place you have a beautiful view, being able to appreciate on the other side of the valley the incomparable beauty of the perpetual snows peaks of the Pitusiray and Sahuasiray.
According to the chroniclers it was the Inka Huiracocha who founded Huchuy Qosqo on a place that was already populated previously. When the first Inka, Manco Cápac, arrived in the Cusco valley, he found the area occupied by several nations (K'illke) that were later defeated and incorporated into the Empire. One of those nations was based on Huchuy Qosqo.
The chronicler Pedro Cieza de León, in his book "Señorío de los Inkas", refers to this topic in the following way:
"The Inka was determined to go to the Condesuyo, but being tired and old, he left it, and then ordered that some palaces be built in the valley of Xaquixaguana (Juch'uy Qosqo) to be recreated in them; as he had many children and knew that the eldest of them, who was called Inka Urco, in whom he had left the command of the king, had bad habits, and was vicious and cowardly, wanted to deprive him of the lordship to give it to another more young man, who by name had Inka Yupanqui. "
The Spanish chronicler Juan de Betanzos affirms that after ten years of leaving power to Pachacútec Inka Yupanqui, Huiracocha spent his last days in the Xaquixaguana valley and died at the age of eighty.
DESCRIPTION OF THE MONUMENT
The chronicles refer that Huchuy Qosqo was the work of the Inka Wiracocha. The buildings that make up the architectural monument of Juch'u and Qosqo are the following:
* A three-story building. - Made with great architectural quality. The first two floors have pieces carved and joined with admirable precision, while the third floor is made of adobe. It is striking the border that is on the border of the first and second floors, because there the beams that formed the second floor were supported. There are several doors, windows and interior cupboards.
* A building of adobones.- Due to the simplicity of its construction and its location it is possible that it was an artisan workshop where acllas or real characters worked. It is a rectangular building built on a prominent platform. It presents several doors directed towards the valley, reason why it is deduced that it was not bedroom or store of foods.
* It also presents grouping of platforms, foundations of buildings and minor enclosures, an Inka road oriented to the city of Cusco with an Inka gate and abundant surface ceramics.
CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION: CUSCO - CHINCHERO - HUCHUY QOSQO - LAMAY - CUSCO
The walk goes from the 3 700 msnm., Passes the 4 400 msnm. and finish at 2 900 meters above sea level. what it means to cross the mountains between the town of Chincheros and the "Sacred Valley of the Inkas". This excursion will last approximately 08 hours, crossing different ecological levels with its characteristic flora and fauna.
We depart from Cusco in our private vehicle to the town of TAUCA, taking part of the route to the town of Chinchero, which still keeps alive its ancestral traditions; We will pass by the communities Witapujio, Cuper Bajo, Cuper Alto, and On the way we stop to see closely the PIURAY lagoon (water source of the city of Cusco), the archaeological group of Waca Kancha that was destined to religious ceremonies related to the Wakas, as well as extensive fields of cultivation. The community of Tauca (3 800 masl) is where our walk begins, a time of surprises where the mountains, streams, plains, dense clouds, cold, heat, flora and fauna are mixed, incorporated into a colorful and majestic landscape that impacts and it impresses, where the remote paths lead to live historical and traditional Andean testimonies.
We take a path of gentle slope, until the pass of Pucajasa (4 393 msnm.), Where you have a great view of the Urubamba mountain range. After the passage we begin the descent, finding parts of the Inka Trail. We will visit the archaeological remains of the Inka Workshop, León Punku; Then we arrive at Huchuy Qosqo (3 688 msnm) and after a short rest, we will begin the guided tour of the archaeological site. After the visit to the archaeological center we will begin the descent towards the town of Lamay (2 938 masl), where we will take our transport back to Cusco city.
THINGS YOU SHOULD BRING