Manu National Park is one of the biggest protected areas in the world, Manu National Park covers almost 2'000,000 hectares (4'942,088 acres). The park protects several ecological zones ranging from 300 to 4,000 meters above sea level (984 to 13,123 ft). Rugged forested mountains that give rise to a multitude of small gorges and valleys; high jungle cloud forests and finally the Amazon plain. Because of this topographical range, it has one of highest levels of plant, insect and animal biodiversity of any park in the world. Manu is the home to the some of the greatest biodiversity and the greatest biomass in the world!


    Manu National Park is located in the province of Paucartambo in Cusco and Manú in Madre de Dios. Her establishment seeks to protect a representative sample of biological diversity, as well as the landscapes of the low jungle, the rainforest and the Andes of southeastern Peru. Likewise, it aims to promote tourism based on ecological and culturally compatible criteria. On the other hand, Manu National Park also seeks to promote and facilitate research, education and recreation, as well as contributing to the preservation of the archaeological heritage. Their presence contributes to the recognition and protection of cultural diversity, as well as to the self-determination of the indigenous peoples of the area.


    Since 1,977 Manu National Park has held the status of Biosphere Reserve, which was granted by UNESCO. At its borders are the Territorial Reserve of the Kugapakori and Nahua ethnic groups, the Megantoni National Sanctuary and the Amarakaeri Communal Reserve. In turn, in 1,987 it was declared a Natural World Heritage Site.


    The following species can be found in the Manu National Park:

    1. More than 1,000 species of birds
    2. 221 species of mammals
    3. 1,307 species of butterflies
    4. 8 species of felines
    5. 15 species of primates
    6. 7 species of macaws
    7. 155 species of reptiles
    8. 300 species of ants
    9. 650 species of beetles
    10. 210 species of fish
    11. 20,000 species of plants (10% of the world’s vascular plant species!)
    12. Up to 250 varieties of trees have been found in a single hectare!

    Peru holds the world record for number of bird species seen in a single day without the help of motorized vehicles, with 331 birds at Cocha Cashu in southeast Peru. This record was established by Ted Parker and Scott Robinson in 1,982 and yet to be surpassed!




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    The Park consists of three parts:

    1. “Cultural or buffer zone” covers about 120,000 hectares (300,000 acres). It is a beginning of the park and the only zone where tourists can enter unaccompanied. It starts from Madre de Dios River and Andean highlands at the southern boundaries of the national park. In this area there are small villages, settlers and native communities working in productive activities such as agriculture, forestry and cattle breeding.
    2. “Reserved zone” covers 257,000 hectares (635,000 acres). It is located at the lower part of Manu River and extends from Panagua River to Boca Manu. This area is set aside for controlled scientific research and ecotourism. Although the tourists are permitted here, entry is strictly controlled and visitors must visit the area with an authorized guide. This part of the park has a tremendous diversity of landscape, wildlife and vegetation. The river bends form lagoons with wonderful flora and fauna diversity.
    3. “Intangible zone – Manu National Park” is the biggest part of the Park, covering an extension of 1'532,806 hectares (3'787,000 acres). This part of the park is strictly for flora and fauna preservation and only government sponsored biologists and anthropologists may visit with no right to interfere with natural history of events. The tropical ecological research station Cocha Cashu is located in this part of the Manu Park. In this area tourism is not permitted and entry is with special permit only.

    The Manu have been inhabited by Indigenous tribes since long ago. There are about 1000 people in these tribes. There are also about 200 Quechua Indians in this part of Manu National Park.


    According to Guinness Book the tropical forests of Amazonia is a place of the biggest concentration of unexplored tribes. Today there are only about 100 uncontacted tribes in the world. More than half of them live in the tropical region of Amazonia in the territory of Peru and Brazil.


    All this and more makes the Manu National Park one of the best destinations for nature tourism...



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