Nazca lines and geoglyphs are found in the Ica region, specifically in the valleys of Palpa and Nazca; located at the edge of the Western Andes, at a height of 588 masl. UNESCO recognized it as a Cultural Heritage of Humanity in 1 994.
The ancient geoglyphs are located on the surface of the Nazca desert, composed of figures that have different designs. The forms that it presents are: geometric, zoomorphic and fitomorphic, extending over an area of 450 Km². The lengths of these impressive figures range between 50 and 300 m. The mystery of these geoglyphs lies in how complex their construction could be, they are stylized figures made in a single stroke.
History and Discovery
The first vestiges of the existence of the lines and geoglyphs of Nazca go back to the year 1 547, when the historian and Spanish chronicler Cieza de León said that he saw signs in some parts of the Nazca desert. With the passage of time this affirmation was ignored, some time later, they were rediscovered by the first Peruvian aviators of the time.
Was Julio César Tello (first researcher), a Peruvian archaeologist who in 1 929 described this enigma as "sacred roads". The American Paul Kosok, the same year, interpreted them as "a great astronomical book". Years later Toribio Mejía Xesspe interpreted these lines as part of a disappeared cult. It was the German archaeologist Maria Reiche Neumann, who conducted in-depth studies that explained the lines and geoglyphs of Nazca as a gigantic solar and lunar calendar for the ancient Peruvian astronomers, who used them to predict which was the best stage to harvest and when it was the season of rains.
Without a doubt, to enjoy and observe the Nazca Lines, it is preferable to see them from the air, a space from where the perspective of the figures is unique and unrepeatable. To do this, the visitor can make a trip in a plane. For the overflight it is recommended to make a reservation in advance, mainly during high seasons (June-August). The aircraft that fly over this attraction have a qualified guide who will comment on the observed figures with the most important information of each of them.
List of Nazca lines and geoglyphs:
Colibri: It is the most remembered of the figures for its harmonic dimensions, the distance between its two wings is approximately 66 meters.
Monkey: The curiosity of this figure is that it shows the monkey with nine fingers and a tail in the form of a spiral. It is believed that he is representing the Big Dipper.
Frigatebird: With an approximate length of 160 meters, the most characteristic of this figure is in its own head, which is formed by segments of circles that have a radius that varies between 10 and 20 centimeters.
Giant bird: The immensity of this bird is reflected in its 300 meters long by 54 meters wide.
Spider: Being part of a huge network of lines located on the edge of a trapezoid on the earth's surface, is another of the most outstanding figures thanks to the skill to make your stroke.